Tomlinson, who had earlier implemented Transmission-Control Protocol (TCP) on TENEX, a PDP-10 operating system, decided to create an e-mail system. The idea of sending messages to someone on the same computer dates back to the 1960s. Tomlinson decided that there must be an easy way to send messages between users on different computers.
He built the first e-mail system using his earlier invention, CPYNET, an early file transfer protocol program. He called that first e-mail program: SNDMSG.
See original article here.
Reuters set out to find and rank the world’s top 100 innovative universities empirically, building a methodology that employs 10 different metrics. The criteria focused on academic papers, which indicate basic research performed at a university, and patent filings, which point to an institution’s interest in protecting and commercialising its discoveries. Compiled by the Intellectual Property & Science business of Thomson Reuters, the list uses proprietary data and analysis tools.
More than 50% of our labs are in the top 100 with 4 in top 20 and 3 in the top 10.
Original article from Thomson Reuters
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