Category Archives: WSTNet News

Ted Nelson: the only one around who’s sane

Ted Nelson at the University of Southampton, 2016
Ted Nelson at the University of Southampton, 2016

To us you appear to be the only one around who is clinically sane.

So concludes Werner Herzog after speaking with Ted Nelson half way through his latest film, Lo and Behold: Reveries of the Connected World. This may come as no surprise to those who recognise the genius of a director who famously cooked and ate his shoe on camera, and threatened to shoot one of his leading actors on set (the actor was Klaus Kinski, so there were extenuating circumstances).

As Ted asserts, the interview is brilliantly edited and, “presents a seamless train of thought selected from my sweeping complex of ideas”. For an introduction to the thinking of the pioneering inventor of Hypertext, it’s well worth viewing.

Lo and Behold is available in full on Netflix and Amazon Prime.

The Internet on Film – 2016

The year the Walker Art Center finally lowered the curtain on the Internet Cat Video Festival* also featured the release of some notable Internet-related films:

  • ForEveryone.Net  – In this short documentary by Jessica Yu, our co-founder, Sir Tim Berners-Lee tells the story of how he created the World Wide Web and discusses current threats to the Internet.
  • Zero Days  – A documentary about the repercussions of Stuxnet, the malicious computer worm released by U.S. intelligence agencies, which spread beyond its intended target.
  • Internet Famous An allegedly hilarious mocumentary about vlogging (currently available on Netflix).
  • Snowden – Film director, Oliver Stone’s latest paranoid trip, dramatising Edward Snowden’s leaking of thousands of U.S. classified documents. Currently on theatrical release in the UK and elsewhere.

* feline film fans needn’t worry as other organisers have swiftly moved in to fill the vacuum.

Data Governance in Finance

John TaysomWeb Science Trust Board member, John Taysom writes on the Importance of Data Governance, with Special Reference to Finance in a recent Royal Society and British Academy publication. The report, Connecting debates on the governance of data and its uses, brings together contributions from leading representatives from academia, government and business; including experts in ethics, law, finance, social and data sciences, machine learning and statistics in order to build connections between existing debates, and identify key questions and gaps.

Download the report pdf 

The Academies have initiated a project examining new uses of data and their implications, and reviewing the data governance landscape. The project will make recommendations for cross-sectoral governance arrangements that can ensure the UK remains a world leader in this area.

Our Web Science Manifesto

For the Web to succeed, we need to understand its societal challenges including increased crime, the impact of social platforms and socio-economic discrimination, and we must work towards fairness, social inclusion, and open governance.

Wendy Hall
Professor Dame Wendy Hall, Managing Director, Web Science Trust

Jim Hendler
Professor Jim Hendler, Chair, Web Science Trust

Steffen Staab
Professor Steffen Staab, Chair, WSTNet

Web Science is even more important now than it was when the field was launched ten years ago, say Professors Dame Wendy Hall, Jim Hendler, and Steffen Staab in our Web Science Manifesto, published earlier this week at WebScience@10.

While recognising the huge influence the Web has had on our lives since its foundations were defined by Tim Berners-Lee 27 years ago, the Hall, Hendler, and Staab focus their attention on how Web Science tackles the  unforeseen social outcomes of this era-defining technical innovation. They discuss the digital divide that separates those who have and those who do not have access to the Web – the challenges we must understand to find a viable balance between data ownership and privacy protection, and between over-whelming surveillance and the prevention of terrorism.

To find out more read our Web Manifesto (pdf download).

Real-time Twitter Visualisations for the US 2016 Presidential Elections

Twitter Visualisation at RPI For the 2016 US Presidential election, researchers at the University of Southampton with support from the EPSRC funded project SOCIAM,  built a real-time data visualization that combined traditional polling data with social media posts. The application was built and designed for the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute EMPAC Campfire, a novel multi-user, collaborative, immersive, computing interface that consist of a desk height panoramic screen and floor projection that users gather around and look into. The application is also a part of the Web Macroscope (a visualization platform developed at the University of Southampton) and uses data from the Southampton Web Observatory.

Data collection for the polling data was taking from the Huffington Post Pollster API, which collects all the popular polls and their results. The social media data was collected on Twitter, using both their Streaming and Search API. The Streaming API was used to create a stream of data that included 1% of all tweets that had any of the popular and official hashtags and words used by each campaign to show support for their candidate. This hashtag list included tags like ‘TeamTrump’, ‘maga’, ‘TeamTrump’, and ’draintheswamp’ in support for Donald Trump, and ‘LoveTrumpsHate’, ‘ImWithHer’, ‘StrongerTogether’, and ‘WhyIWantHillary’ in support for Hillary Clinton. Any tweets that mixed hashtags and words from both candidates were removed as this was normally done in a way to not show support for a candidate, but to react to supporters on the other side.Campfire visualisation of US election Twitter activity
Results from the visualizations showed different levels of support on Twitter for each candidates over time. In the days leading to the election on November 8th, tweets in support for Trump were 1.5 times greater than those in support for Clinton. Interestingly, on the day of the election, this ratio switched and levelled off. Around the 2pm EST on November 8th, tweets in support for Clinton were almost equal to the number of tweets supporting Trump. Later in the night of the election, the ratio of support changed again, with tweets in support of Trump being 1.14 times larger than those in support for Clinton.
Another interesting result from the data, was the how many tweets that had geographic information tagged to them were overwhelmingly in support for Clinton throughout the day leading and on the election. Most tweets streamed through the visualization had no GPS lat/long data embedded in them (these tweets often come from mobile phones using the Twitter App, with the optional GSP location data option enabled). As a whole, these geographic tweets are a small minority of the data collected from the Twitter Stream (about 1%). Interestingly, these geographic tweets supported Clinton 15 times more than Trump. Why this is the case is hard to say. It looks like Clinton supporters use mobile apps with location data more than Trump supporters.
Two other studies – one from researchers at USC, and another from Oxford University, the University of Washington and Corvinus University of Budapest,both showed that AI controlled bots were spreading pro-Trump content in overwhelming numbers. This created the illusion of more support for Trump on Twitter than make naturally been. Our results of geotagged tweets in support for Clinton, despite overall support from Trump on Twitter might be due to this issue of bots.
Authored by Dominic DiFranzo, 18 November 2016.

Two globally-renowned research institutes join WST Network

WSTNet – The Web Science Network of Laboratories – is delighted to announce that two globally-renowned research institutes have joined the network this month.

The Data Science Institute at Imperial College, London, and the Institut National de Recherche en Informatique et en Automatique (INRIA) both become full members of WSTNet, demonstrating the growing reach of the Network, and the long-term global significance of its collaborative focus in Web Science and Data Science.

The Data Science Institute at Imperial College is at the forefront of research in data science, working across Imperial College to support the deployment of cutting-edge technologies in wide-reaching data-driven research. The Institute hopes to expand its collaborations with the Web Science community, in particular to explore the value of big data technology for applications in social machines.

INRIA, the French National Institute for Computer Science and Applied Mathematics, promotes scientific excellence for technology transfer and society. INRIA’s 2600 employees – graduates from the world’s leading universities – rise to the challenges of digital sciences. With its open, agile model, INRIA is able to explore original approaches with its partners in industry and academic research, providing an effective response to the multidisciplinary and application challenges of digital transformation.

Established in 2010, the Web Science Network of Laboratories brings together some of the world’s outstanding academic researchers, based in 20 leading research institutes around the world. WSTNet aims to advance global research and education, outreach to industry, and the exchange of ideas. It supports collaborative research and education programmes, facilitates the exchange of researchers and graduate students, runs conferences, workshops and symposia, and aims fundamentally to advance the study and engineering of the Web for the benefit of society.

‘We are delighted to welcome our two new member institutions to WSTNet,’ said Professor Steffen Staab, Chair of the WSTNet Labs. ‘This is a rapidly expanding community, reflecting the significant impact of the Web on every aspect of our lives and futures.

‘Both Imperial College Data Science Institute and INRIA have already played eminent roles in advancing fundamental knowledge and technical approaches in their research areas. We look forward to the contribution they will make to WSTNet and to the high levels of engagement which will result from the increasing opportunities to share and advance our knowledge.’

Fabien Gandon of INRIA commented: ‘INRIA has actively supported the Web since its beginning, participating in the very first R&D that produced the Web in the early 1990s, and as a founding member of the W3 Consortium (W3C). Many of INRIA’s research teams contribute to computer science domains which are very relevant to the Web’s architecture, including data security and privacy enforcement, distributed and decentralized architectures, programming languages, natural language processing, and formal methods.’

Professor Yi-Ke Guo of the Data Science Institute at Imperial College, commented: ‘’The Web Science Network is committed to enlisting the help of research organisations working on the future of the Web. The development of data science will benefit greatly from this revolutionary research. We are excited to be part of the Web Science Network, and we are keen to contribute to this field to ensure the Web is even more integral to our lives.’

Web Science: The Age of the Social Machine

Anni Rowland-Campbell speaking at the University of Southampton/Digichamps ©2016
Anni Rowland-Campbell speaking at the University of Southampton/Digichamps ©2016/cc by-nc

At the Web Science Institute seminar held earlier this week WST board advisor, Anni Rowland-Campbell spoke on the socio-technical changes that are happening in the world as a result of the Social Machine, which began with the World Wide Web. The talk focused on Tim Berners-Lee proposal of the Web where the “people do the creative work and the machine does the administration”1. Setting out to challenge this, Rowland-Campbell argued that the balance between “man” and “machine” is changing, and the idea of humanity is changing as a result. In her talk she provides a number of suggestions on how this symbiotic relationship between man and machine may play out. 

1 Berners-Lee, T and Fischetti, M, Weaving the Web: The original design and ultimate destiny of the World Wide Web, Harper Collins, New York, 1999.

WSTNet Review – July

000716143-global-communication-hd_H264_420.mov 2016-07-27 14-57-43The Web Science Trust Network (WSTNet) brings together world-class research laboratories around the world to support Web Science research and education. In the first of an occasional series we look at activity across the network during the past month.

Institute WeST, Koblenz, Germany
The Institute for Web Science and Technologies (WeST) reported their input into the founding of the German Internet Institute. The Institute will explore the ethical, legal, economic and participatory aspects of the Internet.

Oxford Internet Institute, UK
pokemon-1536855_1280In a timely blog post on the phenomenon that is Pokémon Go, the Institutes’ Connectivity, Inclusion, and Inequality Group considered what happens when real and virtual spaces combine.

Charlie Hargood and Dave Millard receiving Best Paper Award/Paul De Bra ©2016

Web Science Institute, Southampton, UK
MySociety founder Tom Steinberg gave a distinguished lecture at WSI on 8th July.

Researchers based at WSI, Charlie Hargood and Dave Millard were awarded the Douglas Engelbart Best Paper Award at ACM Hypertext 2016, for their paper on location aware hypertext.

Aaron Schecter @SonicNU using Watson to decode Apollo emotion networks

SONIC, Evanston, IL, USA
A group of researchers from the Science of Networks in Communities group (SONIC) at Northwestern University took part in Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research Conference (INGRoup16) in Helsinki, Iceland, 14-16 July.

CSAIL, Massachusetts, USA
The Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory at MIT, reported on two interesting new papers: What Ants Teach us About Exploring Networks Efficiently and Robot Helps Nurses Schedule Tasks on Labor Floor 

ACM Hypertext 2016

Charlie Hargood with ACMHT'16 Best Paper Award/David Millard ©2016
Charlie Hargood with Best Paper Award/David Millard ©2016

Here at WST HQ in Southampton we’ve been following events at Hypertext 2016 in Halifax, Canada over the past few days. It was a brilliant conference for our WSTNet colleagues in from the University of Southampton – with Charlie Hargood and Dave Millard picking up the Douglas Engelbart Best Paper Award. Their paper, co-authored with Verity Hunt and Mark Weal, focusses on location aware hypertext – an emerging form of digital storytelling. 

Hossein Derakhshan UMAP’16 Keynote/David Millard ©2016

On the final day HT’16 linked with UMAP’16 and included a riveting keynote from ‘the blog father’ Hossein Derakhshan.

To get a flavour of the conference see: “ACM Hypertext 2016” on Storify, and conference proceedings.

Web Science Summer School 2016

Web Science Summer School
On the beach at WWSSS16/ Steffen Staab ©2016

This years’ Web Science Summer School featured keynotes from WST chair, Jim Hendler, and board member, Noshir Contractor. Hosted by the Institute for Web Science and Technologies (WeST) at the University of Koblenz-Landau, Germany, the School ran between 30 June and 6 July. A range of tutorials and project work covering Computational Social Science, Social Machines, Politics, Entrepreneurship, and Law were run for the 20+ participants.

To get a taste of the Summer School, see “Web Science Summer School 2016” on Storify, and presentation slides.